This outcome, whether realized by this path or another, constitutes a second avenue of response when historic Christian orthodoxy meets modern science and historical scholarship: complete capitulation to secular culture and rejection of the faith.
Confronted with the intellectual power of modern science and scholarship, those traveling this path are overtaken by the concern that the faith community is living in a fantasy world, and that it is not possible for an educated person to hold to core Judeo-Christian beliefs.
If this concern becomes a conviction, faith is lost and the former believer may even become an impassioned advocate of agnosticism or atheism.
These differences can arise even when sound principles of interpretation are followed (Barton 1984; Berkhof 1950; Blomberg 2014; Bray 1996; Carson 1984; Collins 2006; Conn 1988; Gundry, Merrick, and Garrett 2013; Hayes and Holladay 1982; Kitchen 2003; Krentz 1975; Longman 1987; Longman 2005; Mc Carter 1986; Perrin 1969; Poythress 1988), but unfortunately, young-earth literalism about the early chapters of fails to employ a sound grammatical-historical approach to the text.
Classical Hebrew literary devices and the ancient Near Eastern context of biblical revelation are virtually ignored by young-earth interpreters.
For scientifically literate non-Christians, it presents an obstacle to Christian faith, and for young Christians who have been raised to equate YEC with the teaching of Scripture, it can destroy their faith altogether when its falsity is discovered.
With a view toward encouraging a culture of biblical and scientific literacy and overcoming the anti-intellectual legacy of fundamentalism that sustains this particular "scandal of the evangelical mind", we offer a synoptic critique of young-earth creationism while developing and defending an evangelically acceptable alternative for understanding the relationship between God's works and God's words. Caruso, Corning Community College, SUNY (USA) Received | August 22, 2014; Accepted | October 6, 2014; Published | October 13, 2014 Correspondence | Bruce L.
Thirdly and finally, they believe that faithful interpretation of Scripture requires Noah's flood to be understood as global, covering the planet, so that the highest mountains on Earth were submersed to a depth of more than twenty feet, and recognition of this global flood is essential to understanding the phenomena of geology and paleontology.
Before I address these points, some preliminary remarks are in order.
In the terminology of the evangelical Christian intellectual, it is the path taken by those who wish to redeem the culture of the mind through the of faith and scholarship (Marsden 1998).